By Sintilia Miecevole
Photography is the art of reproducing pictures of people,
objects or places in their exact likeness. These images can be
transferred on any photosensitive material. Photography
includes taking and printing pictures.
The backbone of photography is the camera, the instrument or
device that works on the principle of optics. The camera and
photographic techniques have undergone phenomenal changes
the time the first camera was made. The earlier model did not
contain the film; instead, it had a small light-shield box
lens and translucent screen on either side. The image that
traveled through the lens was stored on the screen. Known as
'camera obscura,' it was no more than a sketching device for
Then the scientists discovered the quality of silver nitrate
that changes its color when exposed to light. This was the
beginning of photogram, a method of making permanent images.
They would place objects on the paper dipped in silver nitrate
and expose it to the sunlight. After sometime the area covered
under the object stayed white while the rest of the space
turned black. However, the image formed was temporary, so the
method did not last long.
Over the centuries, the principles, the method and the
used in photography went through many changes. After
experimenting with various methods like Daguerre and calotype
process, finally collodion, or the wet plate technique was
Modern photography has given a totally new meaning to the
entire perception of life and privacy. Photography has made it
possible to capture and preserve special moments, in private
and in public life. History became more authentic with
pictures, and photographs served as evidence in many cases.
People made their family tree in their albums. Suddenly life
was so much more fun and meaningful.
With the tremendous technological advances in the art of
photography, it is no more just fun and frolic but has
the dimensions of a full-fledged profession. Photography has
many branches and types, such as:
- Aerial photography is the art of taking photographs from the
- Art photography is devoted to beautiful pictures for the
of beauty only.
- Studio or advertising photography is dedicated to promotion
of products and institutions.
- Photojournalism takes pictures of events to support the news
story and to create awareness among the people.
- Outdoor and travel photography is focused on taking pictures
of landscapes and natural places.
- Sports photography records images of the sporting events and
games that take place in the world.
- Some types of photography like the macro and scientific and
macro or close up photography are restricted to specific
and are not widely known.
The charm of photography lies as much in the end product as in
the process of taking pictures. Looking at an album is like
taking a trip down memory lane; it makes us feel highly
nostalgic and emotional.
About The Author: Sintilia Miecevole, the photography expert
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